Fabrics – A focal point of design, a challenge for 3D visualization

The importance of fabrics in interior design, as well as our lives as a whole, cannot be overstated. Today, fabrics are fundamental in defining the character of interior spaces as much as they define our perception of people. Fabrics combine style and functionality, and are manufactured in countless varieties. All of that makes them an essential focal point of design, but also poses a challenge for everyone working in 3D visualization.

Fabrics possess complex surfaces, joining organic structures in regular patterns, while their appearance is strongly influenced by specular as well as translucent characteristics. Well-made fabric textures are essential to be able to digitally reproduce this complexity and to achieving photo-real results.

This collection offers 50 fabric textures within a broad range of types and styles. We focused mostly on standard types to create textures with great versatility that can be easily customized for various purposes.

Main Features

Fabric Textures

High-quality textures for 50 different fabrics

Truly Seamless

Achieved through specially developed software

Materials

Ready-to-use materials for Corona Renderer™

139,00  111,20 

excl. VAT

    Learn more about our licensing models here.

Details

Fabric Textures

This collection contains textures for 50 different types and styles of heavy fabric. Although we chose fabrics with upholstery and heavy drapery in mind, many of them will be suitable for other applications, such as carpets and even clothing.

The scanning process

Our innovative scanning process was already capable of capturing a broad range of surface characteristics, such as surface normal and reflectivity. Now we have extended it to also capture translucency, as well as opacity – essential to create fabric textures intended to produce photo-realistic render results.

Color Variations

Each fabric texture includes 15 or more carefully selected color variations.

Diffuse Map
Normal Map
Normal Map (for displacement)
Bump/Displacement Map
Specular Map
Translucency Map
Opacity Map
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Map Types

Beside a range of color variations, each texture consists of maps containing information to normals, surface height, reflectivity, translucency, opacity – all essential for realistic rendering results. In addition, some materials also include an anisotropy maps.

Translucency & Opacity

To capture the complex translucency/transparency characteristics of fabrics, both, a translucency map as well as an opacity map are included with most textures.

Design|Craft #3, Normal mapping vs. DisplacementDesign|Craft #3, Normal mapping vs. Displacement

Normal Mapping vs. Displacement

In addition to a normal map, each texture also comes with a bump map that can be used for displacement mapping. There is also a special normal map to be used alongside the displacement map. This map provides the high-frequency detail (below 0.5 mm) that displacement alone cannot reproduce.

Truly seamless

Specially developed software was used to trace and rectify the weave structure to produce a fiber-accurate match along the seam edges. This results in invisible tiling seams  – even when viewed up close.

Ready-to-use Materials

We have included ready-to-use material setups for Corona Renderer™ (for 3ds Max™ 2020+). There are four different material versions for every texture: Normal mapping with/without translucency, as well as Displacement mapping with/without translucency.

How to use

Here some basic pointers on how to effectively use this product.

Texture file management

Best practice is to copy all texture files to a local hard drive to have them at the ready. Use an SSD for faster access speeds. Put map files into appropriate sub-folders, e.g. ‘maps\fabric’.

Tell your rendering software where to look for texture maps. Most offer a configuration dialog where you can add new folders.

Basic material setup

If the software you are using offers a choice between different material types or templates, choose a generic one.

A basic fabric material consists of a diffuse map, a normal map, as well as a specularity map. Assign the diffuse map (_d) as the material’s primary color. Assign the normal map at a strength of 100% (or 1.0) to the appropriate map slot. The slot for the specularity map is often captioned ‘Specularity’, ‘Reflectivity’, ‘Reflection Color’ or something similar. Please consult your software’s documentation to learn more.

It is important to set the materials reflective index (sometimes ‘IOR’ or ‘Nd’) to 1.5, as this is the value for which our specular maps were calibrated. An exception here is fabric-030, which uses a metallic IOR.

Correct gamma settings for maps

When adding texture maps to a material, the correct gamma setting for the map shout be set. Please consult the software documentation to learn how this is done.

Map typeGamma setting
Diffuse (_d), Specularity (_s),
Translucency (_t), Opacity (_o),
Anisotropy Strength (_av)
Gamma 2.2
(Default Gamma)
Normals (_n), Bump (_b) ,
Anisotropy Angle (_aa)
Gamma 1.0
(No Gamma)

Advanced materials

To make use of all included maps, a more advanced material setup will be necessary. Based on the basic material setup, adding translucency and opacity maps should still be pretty straight forward.

But displacement mapping and anisotropy are complex topics and different rendering software tend to handle these very differently. There is no way around reading up on how your software does things.

Displacement

Using mesh displacement for fabric materials might seem excessive at first, but there can be definite benefits to do so, depending on the circumstances.

  • Use the correct displacement depth. The recommended value for every texture is stated in our Texture Browser, as well as in the PDF reference guide.
  • Use displacement only where appropriate, i.e. where the displacement effect will produce a noticeable difference, e.g. in close-ups.
  • Choose an appropriate subdivision setting. For example, a lower triangle size limit of 0.5 mm will produce very detailed results, but will also consume lots of RAM when used on larger areas. Experiment!
  • Use the supplied special normal map (_n-disp) to add high-frequency details (below 0.5 mm) that are too small to be efficiently reproduced with displacement alone.

Translucency vs. Opacity

The opacity of a material describes how transparent, or see-through it is. Translucency, on the other hand, describes how permeable the material is to light in general.

Glass, for example, is mostly transparent, while a plant leaf is mostly translucent. Most fabrics combine these two aspects to a certain degree, which is why we offer two different maps*.

* There are a few fabric textures that are entirely opaque or show only translucency. In these cases, the respective maps have been omitted.

Tips & Tricks

illustration_mapping_box-mappedillustration_mapping_unwrapped

Unwrap your UVs!

Properly unwrapped UV coordinates will make a world of difference when it comes to 3D fabrics. Think about how the individual pieces of cloth would be stitched together in the real world when defining the mapping seams.

illustration_uv-scale_02illustration_uv-scale_01

Vary texture scale

A great aspect of most fabric textures is that you are not bound to their stated original real-world size. You can easily vary the size between 50% and 200% without losing realism.

Use color overlays

Fabric often have pattern designs that are woven-in or printed-on. You can use colored overlays on suitable fabric textures to produce custom designs. 

Vary map parameters

The demo renderings, as well as the included materials, represent the original scanned material. While it is a good idea to start off with the default look, varying material parameters like translucency or reflectivity can produce entirely different results.

Downloads

  • Reference Guide – Design|Craft-3

    Reference guide book for Design|Craft – Volume Three (Heavy Fabrics), 53 pages.

    pdf | 75.0 MB – Download

Specifications

Textures

  • 50 fabric textures
  • Textures consists of diffuse, normal, bump, reflectivity, translucency*, opacity* and anisotropy* maps (* for some textures)
  • 15 or more color variations for every material, 751 variations in total
  • Large area of 100 cm x 100 cm per material
  • Map resolution 8000px x 8000px at over 200dpi
  • Diffuse maps in high-quality JPEG format; all other maps in lossless compressed PNG format
  • 1038 .png and .jpg files in total

Materials

  • Ready-to-use material setups for Corona Renderer™ (for 3ds Max™ 2020+)
  • Material variants for translucent/opaque and normal/displacement mapping (2884 materials in total)

Packaging

  • Cardboard case, containing 7 DVD
  • Size: 13.5 x 19 x 2.2 cm
  • Weight: 270g
Design|Craft-3 - Disks